Sustainable Use


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INBio has generated knowledge about organisms’ sustainable use for food and health.

Since 2002, the fungi unit has ventured in the research and cultivation of eatable and medicinal fungi species, both from commercial and wild origins aiming to provide its public diverse courses, assessments and training in the field.  Nowadays INBio has a specialized laboratory in fungi cultivation research, where a commercial inoculums is produced to sell to national and foreign producers, as well as other elements to implement in its consumption and cultivation.

In the plant groups, information of over 800 species has been gathered to find their nutritionous value and use them as food in different areas of the country.

Read more: Sustainable Use


Collections are of immense importance because they are the main source of the information generated and disseminated by INBio in different formats, such as scientific papers, books and field guides, manuals, species web pages and other electronic publications, databases, documents and technical reports, courses, workshops, lectures, presentations and consulting services for national and international users and customers.

These collections are critical to document the enormous biological diversity of Costa Rica, the distribution of species in different regions and ecosystems, elevation bands and season. This is very important because species are not evenly distributed in the territory and time and they rather vary greatly in these respects.

Another relevant aspect is natural history: the life cycle of species, from the spore (fungi), seeds (plants) or the egg (insects and arachnids) to the adult stage, its requirements and interrelationships with the environment and with other organisms and their role within an ecosystem.



The collection is a valuable reference source for studies in systematics, ecology, physiology, genetics, conservation, monitoring of environmental changes caused by global warming, pollution, fragmentation of forests and other environmental disturbances; as well as for species identification of agriculture pests, the vectors of diseases, invasive species, native and exotic or introduced species, or species only found in our country with very limited distributions (endemic species) or those that are under some degree of threat to their conservation into perpetuity.

INBio Biological Collections are distinguished by its high standard of curation and because all the specimens bear printed locality labels and individual barcodes that link each specimen to its correspondent record in the Biodiversity Information Management System Atta developed by INBio staff.

Access to the INBio collections is free and open to interested scholars and advanced students, by appointment with the responsible personnel.

The online version of Atta is available online at the INBio website.





Informática para la biodiversidad


informática En el Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad creemos en la tecnología como una de las principales herramientas para cumplir con nuestra labor de concientizar, bioalfabetizar y transmitir el conocimiento generado.  Es por esto, que contamos con las mejores herramientas tecnológicas y las ponemos a su disposición:


Atta es el sistema de información que apoya las actividades del proceso medular del Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio), es decir, facilita los procesos de captura, administración, generación y divulgación de información sobre biodiversidad que el INBio lleva a cabo desde 1989.

Este sistema mantiene una base de datos relacional con más de dos millones de registros, cada uno de los cuales corresponde a un espécimen. Mediante un código de barras único, la información asociada a cualquier espécimen de nuestra colección puede ser accesada y administrada en forma eficiente y sistemática.

Sobre cada espécimen recolectado se almacena el dónde (georeferenciación con coordenadas precisas), cuándo, cómo, quién lo recolectó y al concluir el ciclo de identificación, el qué es.  Para visitar nuestra página atta, haga click aquí

Páginas de Especies

Las páginas de Especies  de Costa Rica son publicaciones electrónicas que brindan información básica sobre las especies de diferentes grupos de organismos encontrados en Costa Rica. La información científica se presenta en un lenguaje técnico sencillo. Destaca en esta información: la historia natural de las especies, su demografía y conservación, distribución, importancia para el hombre, información taxonómica, referencias, fotografías y dibujos.   Para ir a nuestra página de especies, haga click aquí.

Navegación a través de la jerarquía taxómica

Esta página presenta información taxonómica y geográfica sobre los grupos de organismos que se investigan en el INBio, y para los cuales se han recolectado especímenes en Costa Rica. La mayor parte de estos especímenes se mantiene en las colecciones biológicas del instituto y la información asociada ha sido ingresada, validada y organizada en el sistema de información sobre biodiversidad Atta.

Los grupos de organismos mencionados incluyen animales, plantas y hongos. Los animales están representados por moluscos marinos y terrestres, nematodos y artrópodos (insectos y arañas). El grupo de plantas abarca la flora del país, y el grupo de los hongos comprende macro y microhongos.


Territorial Management

Territorial management refers to the actions and activities that are carried out to promote a sustainable use of the territory. 

Gestión Territorial


Its main goal is to define guidelines that make optimum use of the resources and ecosystemic services.

In Territorial Management, INBio has made many retrospective analysis of different regions of the country, and developed studies of land possession and other based on the biodiversity of a particular area.

INBio’s work in territorial management unit also involves developing management plans and identifying prioritary places where biodiversity should be protected.  Furthermore, it has also helped define which areas of the costarican territory are vulnerable to natural threats such as floods or landslides.

INBio has worked in territorial management in different special, community, district, state, basins and biological corridors.  INBio’s work in this matter has taken place both inside and outside the country’s protected areas.

As a result of its work in territorial management, INBio has pointed out the conservation value  in different areas of Costa Rica, indicated important places for biological diversity preservarion and defined guidelines to accomplish a sustainable use of the territory.  In short, through territorial management, INBio helps the country to maximize its ecosystemic resources in a sustainable way.

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Inventory and Monitoring

On Inventory and Monitoring we generate information about our country’s species diversity and ecosystems.  Today we have a collection of over 3.5 million specimens, each of which is rightfully identified and listed, from anthropodes, plants, fungi and mollusks.  Furthermore, we generate information about our country’s ecosystems.