National Strategy for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity

2.1 Strategic Framework

The strategic framework described below is the result of the integration of proposals from each Conservation Area and the national consultation. It establishes the orientation that should be given to the issues of conservation, sustainable use and the distribution of the associated costs and benefits.

The country’s biodiversity is protected, known, and used in a sustainable manner on the part of Costa Rican society, in such a way as to improve people’s quality of life. To this end, the costs and benefits derived from their biodiversity conservation and use are integrated and are shared equitably.



The Costa Rican State, through the Ministry of the Environment and Energy, will coordinate the efforts of the different social and economic sectors to achieve the national objectives related to conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, promoting joint actions and strategic alliances at local, regional, national and international level.


  Participation: effective participation by each and every Costa Rican in the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.

Justice and Equity: among social, ethnic, gender and generational groups.

Responsibility: assumed by each of the actors involved in the management of our biological wealth as the heritage of present and future generations.

Respect: for all forms of life and the different forms of knowledge and sustainable use of biodiversity generated and transmitted through the generations.

Commitment: to conservation and sustainable use.

Solidarity: in the benefits and costs sharing of the biodiversity’s conservation and sustainable use.

Conserve and use the country’s biodiversity in a just and equitable manner.