Byers, G.W. 1982. Tipulidae (pp. 407-414). In: Hurlbert, S. H. y A. Villalobos-Figueroa, Aquatic biota of Mexico, Central America and the West Indies.

Alexander, C.P. y G.W. Byers. 1981. Tipulidae (Ch. 7, pp. 153-190). In: McAlpine et al., Manual of Nearctic Diptera.