Miller, J.Y. 1987. Castniidae. In: Immature Insects (F.W. Stehr, edit.) pp. 417-419. Kendall/Hunt Publ. Co., Dubuque Iowa.

Miller, J.Y. 1986. The taxonomy, phylogeney, and zoogeographyy of the neotropical moth subfamily Castniidae (Lepidoptera: Castnioidea: Castniinae). Ph. D. dissertation, University of Florida, Gainesville, XXV + 600 pp.